Carbohydrate is a source of energy for our body. During digestion carbohydrate containing foods are broken down into glucose which is then absorbed into the blood stream and cause a rise in blood glucose levels. Types of carbohydrate are starch, fructose, lactose, and sucrose.
Foods containing carbohydrate and types of carbohydrate:
When you have diabetes, it is important to accurately count the carbohydrates that you eat. Click on the link below for more information on ‘Carbohydrate Counting’
For more information, speak to your diabetes team.
If you eat foods containing carbohydrate (CHO), your blood glucose levels will rise so it is important to take the correct amount of rapid acting insulin for the amount of carbohydrate you are eating.
The quantity of insulin you need varies depending on the time of day and the amount of carbohydrate that you eat as your Insulin Carbohydrate Ratio (ICR). For example, in the morning you may need 1 unit of rapid acting insulin for 8g CHO, at lunchtime and in the evening you may need 1 unit of insulin for 10g of carbohydrate.
(Your diabetes team will teach you how to calculate your ‘Insulin Carbohydrate Ratio (ICR)’)
The CHOICE diabetes education programme is available in NI and the border counties of Republic of Ireland, ask your Diabetes TeamChoice Programme